Lake Nakuru national park is among the small protected areas of Kenya also nicknamed as “A beautiful wildlife haven”. The stunning Lake Nakuru National Park sits on the floor of the Great Rift Valley, surrounded by wooded and bushy grassland. The broad ecological diversity and varied ecosystems that range from Lake Nakuru itself to the surrounding escarpment and picturesque ridges can be enjoyed by tourists. For bird watching, camping, picnics and game drives, Lake Nakuru National Park is perfect.
Nakuru means ‘Waterbuck Haven’ in Kiswahili. Lake Nakuru National Park started small, covering only the famous lake and the surrounding mountainous neighborhood. It has now been expanded to include a substantial proportion of the savannahs. About 90 square miles are currently protected by the fenced Lake Nakuru National Park. It’s got rare but lovely vegetation. Euphorbia, tall cactus like trees and acacia woodland, dominates the forest vegetation. The forest area is home to more than 400 species of migratory birds from around the world.
Lake Nakuru was first gazetted as a bird sanctuary in 1960 and upgraded to National Park status in 1968. A northern extension was added to the park in 1974 and the lake was designated as a Ramsar site in 1990. The foundation of the park’s food chains is the cyanophyte spirulina platensis, which can support huge numbers of lesser flamingo.
Location of Lake Nakuru National Park
The park is located in the North Western part of Nairobi the kenya capital city. Its only 156 kilometers away from the city with the nearest town to the park being Nakuru town. The park can be accessed by both Road and air.
The park has an asphalt road to Nairobi, 156 km northwest of Nairobi on the main A104 road. Via the main gate, 4 km from Nakuru Town Centre, is the most frequently used route into the park. It is also possible to enter the park at Lanet Gate from the main Nairobi Nakuru route. People use the Nderit Gate to enter the park from Masai Mara or Elementaita.
It is also possible to access the park by air through the Naishi airstrip, which serves the park for tourism and KWS activities.
African wildlife safaris are primarily focused on game watching, making it one of the most famous activities that are carried out in most of the national park. A dominant activity that can be conducted early in the morning, afternoon or evening is game viewing. During this activity, the driver guides are the leaders in that they take guests to spot the wildlife with safari cars that have open roofs. Lake Nakuru has a wide variety of great games, including Leopards, Tigers, Buffaloes, Cheetahs, Hyenas, Wildebeests, Giraffes, Oribi, Gazelles, Warthogs, Jackals, and many others. At this park, this makes the game drives more satisfying. Therefore, the game is easily seen by permanent residents at any time of the year.
Classified by Birding International as an Important Birding Area (IBA), Lake Nakuru National Park is home to over 400 bird species. It was initially started as a birding sanctuary until the park received its park status. It hosts a number of endangered bird species, making it a conservation unit for birds for the government. Lake Nakuru is home to over 400 bird species that can easily be seen by birds. The park’s popularity is focused on the elevated population of Flamingos in East Africa. The park also hosts other bird species in addition to Flamingoes, such as: Marabou storks, Lesser Kestrel, Pelicans, Abyssinian thrush, Hammerkops, Maccoa duck, Hottentot teal, Bateleur, Greater blue-eared starling, Pallid harrier, European Roller, Sooty Falcon, Great snipe, Black-winged lapwing, Crab-plover, Speke’s weaver, vultures, etc